在汽车旅行中,一般根据出行人数的多少和计划目的地的路线状况选择不同的汽车。

1、Car/Sedan

轿车系列,具有较高的舒适性,适合家庭经济旅行。

Wikipedia:Sedan
A sedan (American, Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand English) or saloon (British and Irish English) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B & C-pillars and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.[1] The passenger compartment features two rows of seats and adequate passenger space in the rear compartment for adult passengers. The cargo compartment is typically in the rear, with the exception of some rear-engined models, such as the Renault Dauphine, Tatra T613, Volkswagen Type 3 and Chevrolet Corvair. It is one of the most common car body styles.



车型如:Sedan//Renault Dauphine, Tatra T613, Volkswagen Type 3,Chevrolet Corvair,Lincoln Town Car

2、Wagon/Estate

空间大的经济型越野车,可以搭载人数较多,通用性很好。

Wikipedia:Wagon
A station wagon, also called an estate car, estate wagon, or simply wagon, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk lid. The body style transforms a standard three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar, as well as a D-pillar. Station wagons can flexibly reconfigure their interior volume via fold-down rear seats to prioritize either passenger or cargo volume.



车型如:Station wagon//Buick Sport Wagon,AMC Ambassador,Volvo 240,Audi A4

3、SUV/Minivan/4x4/"JEEP"

标准的四轮驱动越野车及小型客车越野车,动力强大,适合走乡间野道和石子路。

(1)Wikipedia:SUV(Sport utility vehicle)
A sport utility vehicle (SUV, sometimes called a sports utility wagon) is a vehicle similar to a station wagon or estate car that is usually equipped with four-wheel drive for on-road or off-road ability. Some SUVs include the towing capacity of a pickup truck with the passenger-carrying space of a minivan or large sedan.

SUV一般指那些以轿车平台为基础、在一定程度上既具有轿车的舒适性,又具有一定越野性的车型。SUV与"JEEP"有着暧昧的关系和明显的区别,在其他的文章中早有科普对比。SUV概念的真正创始车型是美国克莱斯勒出品的“Cherokee”(即北京吉普213,1992年北京吉普汽车有限公司将北京吉普213更名为BJ2021,其前身为Jeep Wagoneer)。



车型如: Jeep Wagoneer,BJ 2021 //Jeep Grand Cherokee,Range Rover,Mercedes-Benz-G63-AMG

(2)Wikipedia:Minivan
A minivan is a vehicle designed primarily for passenger safety and comfort, with three rows of adult-size seats, access through large sliding doors, and car-like handling and fuel economy. Minivans are purchased for their versatility and can often transport more people than a three-row sport utility vehicle, and also with better comfort, access, and fuel economy.[1] Like most modern vehicles, minivans are typically of unibody construction with front-wheel drive. They also feature a short, sloping aerodynamic hood. They are usually taller than sedans or station wagons, affording a good view of the road. Minivans usually have removable seats to allow hauling of cargo on a flat floor.

注意:不要太把Minivan理解为中国的面包车,在汽车王国里,通常指Honda Odyssey或者Toyota Sienna这样的车型,不妨再添几个可以看作Minivan的车型:Chrysler Grand Voyager,Dodge Caravan,或者mercedes-benz viano,是的,我们叫MPV或者商务车。


车型如:Volkswagen Type 2,Chevrolet Greenbrier,Honda Odyssey,Toyota Sienna

(3)Wikipedia:4x4(Four-wheel drive)

Four-wheel drive, 4×4 ("four by four"), 4WD, and AWD is a form of drivetrain capable of providing power to all wheel ends of a two-axled vehicle simultaneously. It may be full-time, or on-demand, and may be linked via a transfer case to provide multiple gear ranges.

A four-wheeled vehicle with power supplied to both axles may be described as "all-wheel drive". However, not all "four-wheel drive" vehicles are "all-wheel drive", as vehicles with more than two axles may also be described as "four-wheel drive" regardless of how many axles, so long as two axles (of two wheel ends apiece) are powered.

图片:HMMWV


SUV也有4x4模式的,但并不代表装备4x4的SUV就变成以下的“JEEP”。

(4)Wikipedia:JEEP

Jeep公司及Jeep品牌:
Jeep is a brand of American automobiles that is a division of FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group, LLC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.The original Jeep was the prototype Bantam BRC. Willys MB Jeeps went into production in 1941 specifically for the military, arguably making them the oldest four-wheel drive mass-production vehicles now known as SUVs.

The first civilian models were produced in 1945. It inspired a number of other light utility vehicles, such as the Land Rover. Many Jeep variants serving similar military and civilian roles have since been designed in other nations.

通用语JEEP(吉普)

Jeep: A four-wheel drive vehicle of one-half- to one-and-one-half-ton capacity for reconnaissance or other army duty. A term applied to the bantam-cars, and occasionally to other motor vehicles (U.S.A.) in the Air Corps, the Link Trainer; in the armored forces, the ?-ton command vehicle. Also referred to as "any small plane, helicopter, or gadget."

美国参与第二次世界大战的利器,Willys MB这款多用途车(GENERAL PURPOSE)也成为JEEP汽车的鼻祖,并成为后来风靡世界的Jeep Wrangler的原型车。

JEEP是一个越野车的品牌,属于克莱斯勒的吉普公司,现在它的产品有牧马人(WRANgler)和切诺基(Cherokee)。由于JEEP具有传奇的历史和响亮易记的发音,甚至不少人将吉普视为越野车的代名词,以为所有的越野车都可称为吉普,当然还有英语世界里单词JEEP就是很厉害的越野车,以及美国军界一直将其作为一个非正式通用语等原因。总之,除了汽车品牌,将JEEP理解为那种越野性能很牛的小型汽车也行。




图片:Willys MB,CJ-3B//Jeep Wrangler

好了,了解以上几种小型乘用车,汽车旅行中一定会很明智地选择车型了。